State machines — the fundamental concept used today in many practical applications, starting from UI programming in React, automated reply systems, lexical analysis in parsers and formal language theory — i.e. the RegExp machines, — and up to real life use cases, such as simple traffic lights, vending machines, and others.
The state machines are backed by the larger theoretical field of computer science known as Theory of Computation, and also by its direct theoretical model — the Automata Theory.
In this class we study the Automata Theory on the practical example of implementing a Regular Expressions machine.
See also: Essentials of Garbage Collectors class devoted to automatic memory management.